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Meniscal and chondral injuries associated with surgical delay before anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in adolescents
  1. Marie-Lyne Nault1,2,3,
  2. Laurence Ledoux1,2,
  3. Lydia Saad1,2,
  4. Guy Grimard1,2,
  5. Peter Glavas1,2
  1. 1 Department of Surgery, CHU Sainte-Justine, Montréal, Québec, Canada
  2. 2 Department of Surgery, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  3. 3 Department of Surgery, Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada
  1. Correspondence to Dr Marie-Lyne Nault, Department of Surgery, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Sainte-Justine, Montreal, H3T 1C5, Canada; timinet{at}hotmail.com

Abstract

Objectives A delay before anterior cruciateligament reconstruction (ACLR) is known to have an impact on meniscal and cartilage injury severity at the time of surgery, which can lead to lower quality of life. The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of surgical delay on quality of life in an ACLR adolescent population. The secondary objective was to evaluate its effects on meniscus and cartilage injuries at the time of surgery.

Methods This study was conducted in a tertiary paediatric hospital. All ACLR cases performed between January 2004 and December 2011 were retrieved from hospital databases. Medical records were reviewed to collect the following information: demographics, Body Mass Index, age at time of injury, surgical delay and operative findings (meniscus and cartilage status). Patients were contacted and asked to participate in this study by filling out the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) questionnaire. A correlation analysis was performed to evaluate the influence of length of surgical delay on the KOOS scores and on intra-articular injuries at the time of surgery.

Results Ninety-three patients were included in the study with a mean follow-up of 4 years. Twenty-nine patients were successfully contacted and completed the KOOS questionnaire. For the main objective, there was no significant outcome association between surgical delay and KOOS scores. For the secondary objective, there was a positive and statistically significant correlation between surgical delay and severity of medial meniscus injury and lateral femoral condyle cartilage injury, r=0.359 (p<0.001) and r=0.226 (p=0.029), respectively.

Conclusion The results of this study confirmed that there is an association between surgical delay and meniscus and cartilage injuries at the time of surgery. At a mean follow-up of 4 years, surgical delay was not yet associated with lower KOOS scores. These results emphasise the importance of rapid access to operative rooms for ACLR surgeries in an adolescent population.

Level of evidence Level IV—Retrospective case series.

  • acl /pPcl
  • meniscus
  • repair / reconstruction
  • outcome studies
  • knee

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Footnotes

  • Contributors LL: data collection, analysis, drafting. LS: analysis, drafting, tables. GG: statistical analysis, manuscript revision. PG: analysis, manuscript revision. M-LN: study design, ethical committee approval preparation, analysis, manuscript revision.

  • Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.

  • Competing interests None declared.

  • Patient consent Not required.

  • Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.

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