Injuries to the medial side of the knee (MSK) are the most common knee ligament lesions. Historically, these injuries have been treated conservatively; however, a better understanding of the anatomy and biomechanics of the different structures of the MSK have resulted in diverse and controversial opinions about the ideal management of these lesions. A cautious analysis should be done in nomenclature because the same surgical technique principles have been differently named in the literature. The diagnostic process of MSK injuries must involve a critical thinking process to precise those lesions that imply an imminent risk of healing failure. This review article provides an evidence and clinical-based clarification of the controversies regarding injuries to the MSK and proposes an evidence-based algorithm for their management.
- repair / reconstruction
- evidence based medicine
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Collaborators Sahar Freedman, Patricio Caro and Andrea Krauss.
Contributors DF: planification, conduction, writing and critical review. RG: planification, conduction, writing, critical review and illustrations. AV: writing and critical review. FF: writing and critical review. RCS: writing and critical review.
Funding The authors have not declared a specific grant for this research from any funding agency in the public, commercial or not-for-profit sectors.
Competing interests None declared.
Patient consent for publication Not required.
Provenance and peer review Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
Data availability statement All data relevant to the study are included in the article
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