Table 2

Methodological quality score of relevant studies on the prevention of ankle sprains

ReferenceStudy designA1A2A3A4B1B2B3CDE1E2E3FG1G2G3G4G5HTotal scorePercentage
Bahr et al74Pretest–post-test11111110101111185
Cumps et al71CT11110111101011111381
Eils et al47RCT11111100111101011011474
Emery et al48RCT11111111111101111111895
Emery et al49RCT111111111111111111119100
Emery and Meeuwisse50RCT11111010110111110111579
Engebretsen et al51RCT01111000111101010101158
Grooms et al75Pretest–post-test11111111111011292
Holme et al52RCT11101100011101000011053
Hupperets et al53RCT10001101111111111111579
LaBella et al54RCT11111100110111101111579
Longo et al55RCT11111110111111011111789
Malliou et al72CT10101111001111101169
McGuine and Keene56RCT11111101111100111001474
McHugh et al76Pretest–post-test1010111100100754
Mohammadi57RCT11111001111001111011474
Olsen et al58RCT11111111111111011111895
Owoeye et al59RCT11111101111101011111684
Parkkari et al60RCT11111100111101011111583
Pasanen et al61RCT11111111111101111111895
Petersen et al73CT01111111001001111169
Söderman et al62RCT11111001111101010011368
Soligard et al63RCT11111001111111011111684
Steffen et al64RCT11111011111111011111789
Tropp et al65RCT01101000111001111101158
van Beijsterveldt et al66RCT11111000111101111011474
van Rijn et al67RCT11001111111111111111789
Verhagen et al68RCT11110011111011110111579
Wedderkopp et al69RCT11111001111001110101368
Wester et al70RCT1100101011100101000947
  • For non-RCTs, a score for B could not be assessed. The following criteria could not be assessed for time interventions (ie, a pretest–post-test design): B, C, F and H.

  • CT, controlled trial; RCT, randomised controlled trial.