Table 5

Details clinical outcome studies on gender after graft-specific ACLR and accelerated, brace-free rehabilitation

StudyHS ratio men:womenPT ratio men:womenFollow-upAssessment methodsResults
Corry et al 23 52%–48%53%–47%2 yearsLysholm, IKDC, KT-1000, thigh atrophy, kneeling pain Women: HS increased laxity compared to women PT
Women: HS increased laxity compared with men HS and men PT
Women: more pivot shift grade 1 than grade 0, irrespective of the graft source
Men: no difference side-to-side difference HS and PT
Engelen et al 30 54%–46%51%–49%2–9 yearsQuestionnaires, isokinetic peak torque and endurance tests, a hop test battery and drop jump including video analysisNo differences for gender
Smith et al 29 48%–52%48%–52%1 yearCincinnati knee scoreNo differences between men and women in terms of return to competition at 12 months, whether the overall return or return to the pre-injury levels were assessed
Svensson et al 26 Only womenOnly women2 yearsLysholm, KT-1000, one leg hop test, knee walking test Women: no differences PT-HS for functional parameters and knee stability
Women PT: more anterior knee pain compared with preoperatively
  • HS, hamstring autograft; PT, patellar tendon autograft.