Table 1

Conventional icing times and demographics

StudyYear publishedLevel of evidenceParticipantsMean age (years)Icing time (min)Primary/secondary outcomes
Fischer et al 39 200924222.23 or 10Shuttle run, co-contraction test and vertical jump
Lee et al 44 20171212120CMJ or SJ height
Behringer et al 42 201813025.730CK, h-FABP, DOMS
  • CK,¬†creatine kinase; CMJ, countermovement jump; DOMS, delayed onset muscle soreness; h-FABP,¬†fatty acid binding protein; SJ, squat jump.